Ben Nicholson was born in 1894 in Denham, Buckinghamshire. From 1910 to 1911 he studied at the Slade School of Fine Art. In 1956, he won „the first Guggemheim International painting prize“ and in the following year „the prize for painting at the Sao Paolo Bienal“. He then lived for approximately fifteen years in Switzerland but in 1971 he moved back to London where he died in 1982.