Francis Bacon was an Irish painter, born in Ireland, on October 28, 1909.
Artist Francis Bacon is best known for his post-World War II paintings, in which he represented the human face and figure in an expressive, often grotesque style.
Francis Bacon later dated the true beginning of his artistic career as 1944. It was around this time that he devoted himself to painting and began creating the works for which he is still remembered, with "Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion" seen as a major turning point. His large canvases depicted human figures—most often a single figure isolated in an empty room, in a cage or against a black background. These works came to be known as Bacon's "screaming pope" paintings.In other works, a figure might stand beside a flayed carcass of meat. Still other paintings were derived from traditional religious subject matter. In all of his paintings, Bacon emphasized the universal experiences of suffering and alienation.Even during a period in which modern art was dominated by abstraction, Bacon continued to paint the human face and figure. His emotional use of brushwork and color as well as his exaggeration of forms caused him to be labeled as an Expressionist artist, though he rejected the term.
Bacon, who was known for his carousing, maintained a home and a notoriously cluttered studio in London, and continued to paint until the end of his life. While on holiday, he died in Madrid, Spain, on April 28, 1992, at the age of 82.